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Career Profile: Statisticians

Develop or apply mathematical or statistical theory and methods to collect, organize, interpret, and summarize numerical data to provide usable information. May specialize in fields such as biostatistics, agricultural statistics, business statistics, or economic statistics. Includes mathematical and survey statisticians.

Salary and Outlook

According to the US Department of Labor, there are 42,000 people employed as statisticians in the United States. The median annual salary is $92,300. Entry level employees earn approximately $52,700 per year and senior employees earn approximately $150,840 per year.

Estimates do not include other potential benefits such as health insurance, overtime pay, or retirement benefits that may be offered by employers.

Job Duties

  • Develop software applications or programming for statistical modeling and graphic analysis.
  • Apply sampling techniques, or use complete enumeration bases to determine and define groups to be surveyed.
  • Analyze and interpret statistical data to identify significant differences in relationships among sources of information.
  • Identify relationships and trends in data, as well as any factors that could affect the results of research.
  • Determine whether statistical methods are appropriate, based on user needs or research questions of interest.
  • Prepare data for processing by organizing information, checking for inaccuracies, and adjusting and weighting the raw data.
  • Present statistical and nonstatistical results, using charts, bullets, and graphs, in meetings or conferences to audiences such as clients, peers, and students.
  • Report results of statistical analyses, including information in the form of graphs, charts, and tables.
  • Design research projects that apply valid scientific techniques, and use information obtained from baselines or historical data to structure uncompromised and efficient analyses.
  • Process large amounts of data for statistical modeling and graphic analysis, using computers.
  • Adapt statistical methods to solve specific problems in many fields, such as economics, biology, and engineering.
  • Report results of statistical analyses in peer-reviewed papers and technical manuals.
  • Evaluate sources of information to determine any limitations, in terms of reliability or usability.
  • Develop and test experimental designs, sampling techniques, and analytical methods.
  • Evaluate the statistical methods and procedures used to obtain data to ensure validity, applicability, efficiency, and accuracy.
  • Plan data collection methods for specific projects, and determine the types and sizes of sample groups to be used.
  • Supervise and provide instructions for workers collecting and tabulating data.
  • Examine theories, such as those of probability and inference, to discover mathematical bases for new or improved methods of obtaining and evaluating numerical data.
  • Prepare and structure data warehouses for storing data.

Career List

Job Outlook

Total Current Jobs:
Annual Openings:
Increase in Openings by 2030:
Annual Salary Range:
$52,700 - $150,840
Education Requirements:
Master's degree or higher