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Career Profile: Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists

Conduct research dealing with the understanding of human diseases and the improvement of human health. Engage in clinical investigation, research and development, or other related activities.

Salary and Outlook

According to the US Department of Labor, there are 133,900 people employed as medical scientists, except epidemiologists in the United States. The median annual salary is $91,500. Entry level employees earn approximately $50,240 per year and senior employees earn approximately $164,650 per year.

Estimates do not include other potential benefits such as health insurance, overtime pay, or retirement benefits that may be offered by employers.

Job Duties

  • Follow strict safety procedures when handling toxic materials to avoid contamination.
  • Evaluate effects of drugs, gases, pesticides, parasites, and microorganisms at various levels.
  • Plan and direct studies to investigate human or animal disease, preventive methods, and treatments for disease.
  • Prepare and analyze organ, tissue, and cell samples to identify toxicity, bacteria, or microorganisms or to study cell structure.
  • Conduct research to develop methodologies, instrumentation, and procedures for medical application, analyzing data and presenting findings to the scientific audience and general public.
  • Teach principles of medicine and medical and laboratory procedures to physicians, residents, students, and technicians.
  • Write and publish articles in scientific journals.
  • Write applications for research grants.
  • Standardize drug dosages, methods of immunization, and procedures for manufacture of drugs and medicinal compounds.
  • Study animal and human health and physiological processes.
  • Investigate cause, progress, life cycle, or mode of transmission of diseases or parasites.
  • Use equipment such as atomic absorption spectrometers, electron microscopes, flow cytometers, or chromatography systems.
  • Confer with health departments, industry personnel, physicians, and others to develop health safety standards and public health improvement programs.
  • Consult with and advise physicians, educators, researchers, and others regarding medical applications of physics, biology, and chemistry.

Career List

Job Outlook


Total Current Jobs:
133,900
Annual Openings:
12,600
Increase in Openings by 2030:
17%
Annual Salary Range:
$50,240 - $164,650
Education Requirements:
Master's degree or higher