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Career Profile: Mathematicians

Conduct research in fundamental mathematics or in application of mathematical techniques to science, management, and other fields. Solve problems in various fields using mathematical methods.

Salary and Outlook

According to the US Department of Labor, there are 2,700 people employed as mathematicians in the United States. The median annual salary is $110,900. Entry level employees earn approximately $61,130 per year and senior employees earn approximately $170,150 per year.

Estimates do not include other potential benefits such as health insurance, overtime pay, or retirement benefits that may be offered by employers.

Job Duties

  • Address the relationships of quantities, magnitudes, and forms through the use of numbers and symbols.
  • Disseminate research by writing reports, publishing papers, or presenting at professional conferences.
  • Maintain knowledge in the field by reading professional journals, talking with other mathematicians, and attending professional conferences.
  • Apply mathematical theories and techniques to the solution of practical problems in business, engineering, the sciences, or other fields.
  • Conduct research to extend mathematical knowledge in traditional areas, such as algebra, geometry, probability, and logic.
  • Develop mathematical or statistical models of phenomena to be used for analysis or for computational simulation.
  • Perform computations and apply methods of numerical analysis to data.
  • Assemble sets of assumptions and explore the consequences of each set.
  • Develop new principles and new relationships between existing mathematical principles to advance mathematical science.
  • Develop computational methods for solving problems that occur in areas of science and engineering or that come from applications in business or industry.
  • Design, analyze, and decipher encryption systems designed to transmit military, political, financial, or law-enforcement-related information in code.

Career List

Job Outlook

Total Current Jobs:
Annual Openings:
Increase in Openings by 2030:
Annual Salary Range:
$61,130 - $170,150
Education Requirements:
Master's degree or higher